Burkea africana Hook.

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Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near path from sewer bridge along Mukuvisi River, Mukuvisi Woodlands

Burkea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near path from sewer bridge along Mukuvisi River, Mukuvisi Woodlands

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Burkea (English) False ash (English) Wild syringa (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous tree, to 8 m. Bark rough, both vertically and horizontally fissured. Twigs with brown-hairy apex. Leaves with pinnae in 2-5 pairs. Leaflets arranged alternately, 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, appressed-puberulent; base ± asymmetric; apex obtuse and emarginate. Spikes pendulous, to 20 cm. Petals c.4-5 mm, white to pale green. Pod 4-6.5 × 2-3 cm. Seeds c.9-12 mm, elliptic, flattened, brown.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland and in wooded grassland
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa southwards to Mpumalanga and Gauteng in South Africa.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cirina forda (Food plant)
Sphingomorpha chlorea (Food plant)
Leptotes group (Food plant)
Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Deudorix dinochares (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 209 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 248. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 316. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 89 - 92. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 50.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 200 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 59.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 136 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 52.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 186 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 62.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 13.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 20.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 91.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 598 - 599. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Burkea africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Burkea africana
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Burkea africana
Flora of Malawi: Burkea africana
Flora of Mozambique: Burkea africana
Flora of Zambia: Burkea africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Burkea africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Burkea africana
African Plant Database: Burkea africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Burkea africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Burkea africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Burkea africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Burkea africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Burkea africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Burkea africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Burkea africana
Plants of the World Online: Burkea africana
Tropicos: Burkea africana
Wikipedia: Burkea africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Burkea africana.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126550, retrieved 22 June 2024

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