Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase

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Echinochloa pyramidalis

Photo: David Hartung
Monavale Vlei

Echinochloa pyramidalis

Photo: David Hartung
Monavale Vlei

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Synonyms: Echinochloa holubii (Stapf) Stapf
Common names: Antelope grass (English)
Status: Native
Erect robust tall perennial grass up to 4 m tall. Ligule a line of hairs. Inflorescence 8 - 40 cm long, with numerous overlapping racemes or with 4-10 distant appressed racemes. Racemes straight, simple or compound, ascending. Spikelets large, 2.5-3.5(-4) mm long, plump, elliptic, awnless. Lower lemma acute to acuminate, rarely with a subulate mucro. Upper lemma 2-3 mm.
Derivation of specific name: pyramidalis: pyramidal (referring to the inflorescence)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Occurs in tropical and South Africa
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 56 - 57.

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 14. as Echinochloa holubii (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 37.

Klaassen Esmerialda, E.S. & Craven P. (2003). Checklist of grasses in Namibia SABONET Report No. 20 Pages 30 - 31. also as Echinochloa holubii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 188.

Other sources of information about Echinochloa pyramidalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Echinochloa pyramidalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa pyramidalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa pyramidalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa pyramidalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Echinochloa pyramidalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Echinochloa pyramidalis
iNaturalist: Echinochloa pyramidalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa pyramidalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa pyramidalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Echinochloa pyramidalis
Tropicos: Echinochloa pyramidalis
Wikipedia: Echinochloa pyramidalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Echinochloa pyramidalis., retrieved 8 December 2019

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