Cucumis anguria L.
var. anguria

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Cucumis anguria var. anguria

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 to Ngoma, Bukalo

Cucumis anguria var. anguria

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 to Ngoma, Bukalo

Cucumis anguria var. anguria

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 to Ngoma, Bukalo

Cucumis anguria var. anguria

Photo: Bart Wursten
B8 to Ngoma, Bukalo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cucumis ficifolius sensu Wild
Cucumis longipes Hook. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual herb with prostrate or climbing stems up to 3 m long, with spreading bristly hairs. Leaves broadly ovate in outline, up to 10 × 12.5 cm, usually deeply 3-7 lobed, with bristly hairs on both surfaces, becoming roughly puntate; margin finely sinuate-denticulate; petiole 2-12 cm long, with long spreading bristly hairs. Flowers unisexual on the same plant, yellow. Male flowers in 2-10-flowered axillary clusters, c. 1.4 cm in diameter; female flowers solitary, c. 2 cm in diameter, sometimes in the same cluster as male flowers. Fruits subglobose or ellipsoid, up to 4.5 × 3.5 cm covered in soft spines, green, sometimes with pales stripes, turning pale yellow when ripe; fruit stalk 5-21 cm long, somewhat expanded upwards.
Notes: - The fruits of this species are edible and the taste is similar to that of the commercial cucumber.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland and wooded grassland or in abandoned cultivation, often on kalahari sand.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Australia and America but probably only native to Southern Africa, particularly the kalahari sand region.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 25 May 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 88 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 51.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 240. (Includes a picture).

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 164 - 165.

Jeffrey, C. & Fernandes, R.B. (1986). 80. Cucurbitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 73 - 75. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 38.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 45.

Other sources of information about Cucumis anguria var. anguria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cucumis anguria var. anguria
Flora of Malawi: Cucumis anguria var. anguria
Flora of Mozambique: Cucumis anguria var. anguria
Flora of Zambia: Cucumis anguria var. anguria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cucumis anguria var. anguria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cucumis anguria
African Plant Database: Cucumis anguria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cucumis anguria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cucumis anguria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cucumis anguria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cucumis anguria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cucumis anguria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cucumis anguria
iNaturalist: Cucumis anguria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cucumis anguria
JSTOR Plant Science: Cucumis anguria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cucumis anguria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cucumis anguria
Plants of the World Online: Cucumis anguria
Tropicos: Cucumis anguria
Wikipedia: Cucumis anguria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Cucumis anguria var. anguria., retrieved 27 November 2022

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