Micrococca mercurialis (L.) Benth.

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Micrococca mercurialis

Photo: Bart Wursten
C8 about 95 km West of Katima Mulilo

Micrococca mercurialis

Photo: Bart Wursten
C8 about 95 km West of Katima Mulilo

Micrococca mercurialis

Photo: Bart Wursten
C8 about 95 km West of Katima Mulilo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Claoxylon mercuriale Thwaites
Mercurialis alternifolia Lam.
Tragia mercurialis L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or procumbent annual herb up to c. 50 cm tall. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate, 2-7 cm long, pale green, often purple-tinged, with 4-7 pairs of ascending lateral veins ending at the margin; margin scalloped. Inflorescences up to 7.5 cm long, axillary, spike-like, containing male and female flowers. Flowers greenish-yellow with a purplish disk. Fruit ovoid-subspherical, 3-lobed, up to 3 × 5.5 mm, with sparse bristly hairs, bluish-green, drying to dark purple.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In seasonally waterlogged alluvium clay in mopane woodland, low stony hills and kopjes or as a weed of disturbed ground and cultivation.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: More or less throughout tropical Africa. Also in Yemen, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and N. Australia.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 2 March 2018

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 176 - 177.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.

Other sources of information about Micrococca mercurialis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Micrococca mercurialis
Flora of Malawi: Micrococca mercurialis
Flora of Mozambique: Micrococca mercurialis
Flora of Zambia: Micrococca mercurialis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Micrococca mercurialis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Micrococca mercurialis
African Plant Database: Micrococca mercurialis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Micrococca mercurialis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Micrococca mercurialis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Micrococca mercurialis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Micrococca mercurialis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Micrococca mercurialis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Micrococca mercurialis
iNaturalist: Micrococca mercurialis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Micrococca mercurialis
JSTOR Plant Science: Micrococca mercurialis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Micrococca mercurialis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Micrococca mercurialis
Plants of the World Online: Micrococca mercurialis
Tropicos: Micrococca mercurialis
Wikipedia: Micrococca mercurialis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Micrococca mercurialis.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134870, retrieved 1 December 2022

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