Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Malpighiales

Euphorbiaceae - Euphorbia family

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Govaerts, R. et al. (2000) World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996) Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4)

Description of the family

Dioecious or monoecious herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes succulent, spiny or unarmed, sometimes with milky latex. Hairs 0, simple, stellate or stinging. Stipules present or 0. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or in whorls, usually simple, less often lobed or compound. Glands sometimes present near the apex of the petiole and base of lamina. Inflorescences various, sometimes in cyathia. Flowers unisexual, usually actinomorphic and very small. Calyx usually of 3-6 lobes or free sepals. Corolla with 3-6 free or ± united petals or 0. Disk present or 0. Stamens 3-many. Ovary superior, 1-4(-20)-locular, most commonly 3-locular. Styles (1-)3(-20). Fruit usually splitting into three 2-valved cocci, less often indehiscent. Seeds 1-2 per loculus, with or without a caruncle.

Worldwide: 313 genera and 8,100 species, cosmopolitan.

Caprivi: 15 genera and 41 taxa.

No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Acalypha L.Description, Image
Caperonia A.St.-Hil.Description
Croton L.Description
Erythrococca Benth.Description, Image
Euphorbia L.Description
Excoecaria L.Description
Jatropha L.Description
Manihot Mill.Description
Maprounea Aubl.Description
Micrococca Benth.Description, Image
Plukenetia L.
Ricinus L.Description, Image
Schinziophyton Hutch. ex Radcl.-Sm.Description, Image
Seidelia Baill.
Tragia L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Euphorbiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Caprivi: Family page: Euphorbiaceae.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=87, retrieved 17 July 2018

Site software last modified: 2 April 2018 10:47pm
Terms of use