Parinari capensis Harv.
subsp. capensis

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Parinari capensis subsp. capensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Lake Chivero Recreational Park

Parinari capensis subsp. capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Common names: Sand apple (English)
Dwarf suffrutex, normally less than 20 cm, forming dense carpets from an extensive underground stem and root system. Leaves more or less elliptic with distinct whitish undersides. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, borne almost at ground level. Flowers small, white; calyx densely hairy, sand-coloured. This species is very similar in many aspects to the closely related P. curatellifolia, except for its entirely different growth habit.
Derivation of specific name: capensis: of the Cape
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa from Congo, DRC and Tanzania south to northern Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique and South Africa.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 173. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42. As Parinari capensis incohata

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28. As Parinari capensis incohata

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 44.

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 46.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 11. as Parinarium capense

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

White, F. (1976). The taxonomy, ecology and chorology of African Chrysobalanaceae (excluding Acioa) Bulletin du Jardin Botanique national de Belgique 46(3/4) Pages 310 - 320.

White, F. (1978). Chrysobalanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 36 - 38. As Parinari capensis

Other sources of information about Parinari capensis subsp. capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis
Flora of Malawi: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis
Flora of Mozambique: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis
Flora of Zambia: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Parinari capensis
African Plant Database: Parinari capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Parinari capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Parinari capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Parinari capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Parinari capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Parinari capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Parinari capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Parinari capensis
Plants of the World Online: Parinari capensis
Tropicos: Parinari capensis
Wikipedia: Parinari capensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Parinari capensis subsp. capensis., retrieved 25 July 2024

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