Erianthemum ngamicum (Sprague) Danser

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Erianthemum ngamicum

Photo: Derek de la Harpe
Phakalane Golf Estate, Gaborone

Erianthemum ngamicum

Photo: Derek de la Harpe
Phakalane Golf Estate, Gaborone

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Loranthus dregei Eckl. & Zeyh. var. subcuneifolius sensu Eyles
Loranthus ngamicus Sprague
Common names:
Status: Native
Small parasitic shrub, up to c. 1 m. Branchlets with whitish to pale brown stellate hairs. Leaves mostly clustered on short shoots, ovate-elliptic or obovate, stellate hairy on both surfaces. Flowers in terminal heads, typically emerging from a tuft of small elliptic leaves (photo left). Corolla 3.5-5 cm, greenish-yellow, sometimes flushed orange, densely covered in silky hairs. Berry red, 12-18 mm including the calyx, pilose. Similar to E. dregei, but distinguished by the longer peduncles, which emerge from a tuft of relatively small hairy leaves. See also E. virescens for comparison.
Notes: Found on a wide variety of hosts, particularly Combretaceae and legumes.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Acacia, mopane and mixed deciduous woodland and wooded grassland
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Zambia to Namibia and South Africa.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 81.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 100. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 233. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 59.

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 240 - 241. (Includes a picture).

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Loranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 184 - 185.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 81.

Other sources of information about Erianthemum ngamicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erianthemum ngamicum
Flora of Mozambique: Erianthemum ngamicum
Flora of Zambia: Erianthemum ngamicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erianthemum ngamicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erianthemum ngamicum
African Plant Database: Erianthemum ngamicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erianthemum ngamicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erianthemum ngamicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erianthemum ngamicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erianthemum ngamicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erianthemum ngamicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erianthemum ngamicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erianthemum ngamicum
Plants of the World Online: Erianthemum ngamicum
Tropicos: Erianthemum ngamicum
Wikipedia: Erianthemum ngamicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Erianthemum ngamicum., retrieved 25 July 2024

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