Cymbopogon caesius (Hook. & Arn.) Stapf
subsp. caesius

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Synonyms: Andropogon connatus A. Rich.
Cymbopogon excavatus (Hochst.) Stapf
Common names: Breëblaar-terpentyngras (Afrikaans) Breitblattriges Pfeffergras (German) Broad-leaved turpentine grass (English) Tamboekie (Afrikaans)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 200(300) cm high. Leaves smooth, sometimes purplish; ligule 0.5–2(3) mm long, minutely dentate; laminas 9–37 cm × 7–28 mm wide, amplexicaul, cordate or rounded at the base, broader below and tapering to a very fine point at the apex. Inflorescence elongated and ± interrupted, 7.5–70 cm long, reddish. Racemes 11–20 mm long; internodes and pedicels pilose with silvery-white hairs, the lowermost swollen and fused together. Sessile spikelet 3–5.5 mm long, glabrous; inferior glume with a V-shaped median groove, winged on the keels in the upper 1/2–1/3, entire or dentate at the apex; superior lemma linear, bifid to about the middle; awn delicate, 7–19.5 mm long, with a distinct column; anthers 1.4–2.6(3) mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet male, 3–4 mm long, longer than the sessile spikelet, glabrous.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: caesius: bluish-grey
Habitat:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Sudan and Yemen southwards to southern Africa and Namibia, extending to southern India and Sri Lanka
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12. As Cymbopogon caesius

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 76 - 78. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 459. as Cymbopogon caesius (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 33. As Cymbopogon excavatus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 70 - 71. as Cymbopogon excavatus (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27. As Cymbopogon excavatus

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187.

Other sources of information about Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius
Flora of Malawi: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius
Flora of Mozambique: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius
Flora of Zambia: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cymbopogon caesius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cymbopogon caesius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cymbopogon caesius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cymbopogon caesius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cymbopogon caesius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cymbopogon caesius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cymbopogon caesius
iNaturalist: Cymbopogon caesius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cymbopogon caesius
JSTOR Plant Science: Cymbopogon caesius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cymbopogon caesius
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cymbopogon caesius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cymbopogon caesius
Plants of the World Online: Cymbopogon caesius
Tropicos: Cymbopogon caesius
Wikipedia: Cymbopogon caesius


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Cymbopogon caesius subsp. caesius.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108640, retrieved 16 August 2022

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