Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Acanthaceae - Barleria family

Balkwill, K. & Welman, W.G. (2000) Acanthaceae. In Leistner, O.A. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10 34-45

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6)

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Vollesen, K. (2009) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Vollesen, K. (2013) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or sometimes climbers. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, usually entire, less often toothed. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Bracts and bracteoles usually present. Calyx 4-5-partite, rarely 2-lipped or with 10-18 teeth (Thunbergia). Corolla gamopetalous, 1-2-lipped or 5-lobed. Stamens 2 or 4, inserted on corolla. Anthers 1- or 2-thecous, with thecae together or one above the other. Ovary superior, 2-locular with (1-)2(-3 or more) ovules in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, often explosively dehiscent.

Worldwide: 229 genera and 3450 species, mostly tropical.

Caprivi: 14 genera and 35 taxa.

Justicia heterocarpa subsp. dinteri

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Asystasia BlumeDescription, Image
Barleria L.Description, Image
Blepharis Juss.Description, Image
Crabbea Harv.Description, Image
Duosperma DaytonDescription, Image
Hygrophila R.Br.Description
Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Justicia L.Description
Lepidagathis Willd.Description, Image
Megalochlamys LindauDescription, Image
Nelsonia R. Br.Description, Image
Phaulopsis Willd.Description
Ruellia L.Description
Thunbergia Retz.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Acanthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acanthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acanthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Caprivi: Family page: Acanthaceae.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=1, retrieved 21 March 2018

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