Tirumala petiverana - Blue monarch, Dappled monarch

Species details:

Note: Flying from February to May
Distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa. Fairly common as far as Zimbabwe and Mozambique but a rare vagrant in northern South Africa.
Larval food (by plant family):
Larval food (by plant genus):
Apocynaceae subfamilies Asclepiadoideae and SecamonoideaeMarsdenia (Larval foodplant)
Larval food (by plant species):
Apocynaceae subfamilies Asclepiadoideae and SecamonoideaePergularia daemia subsp. daemia (Larval foodplant)
Literature: Henning, G.A., Pringle, E.L.L. & Ball, J.B. (1994), Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa, Struik Winchester, Cape Town, p. 48.
Woodhall, S. (2005), Field guide to Butterflies of South Africa, Struik Publishers, Cape Town, p. 36.
Williams, M,C. (2008), Butterflies and Skippers of the Afrotropical Region, Nymphalidae subfamily Danainae, p. 15, Online Encyclopaedia.

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Caprivi: Lepidoptera - Butterflies and Moths: Tirumala petiverana .
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/insect-display.php?insect_species_id=401430, retrieved 12 November 2019

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