Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.
var. africana

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Synonyms: Balsamea pilosa Engl.
Balsamodendrum africanum (A. Rich.) Arn.
Commiphora calcicola Engl.
Commiphora nkolola Engl.
Commiphora pilosa (Engl.) Engl.
Commiphora sambesiaca Engl.
Heudelotia africana A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree up to 5 m tall; bark smooth, dark green or yellowish, peeling in yellowish strips; young branches densely hairy with short whitish hairs or sometimes yellowish longer hairs, spiny. Leaves 3-foliolate; terminal leaflet obovate, up to 8 cm long but often smaller; lateral leaflets elliptic to rotund, about 1/2–3/4 the size of the terminal one, both surfaces pubescent or occasionally hairless above; margins coarsely crenate-serrate; petiole up to 4·5 cm. long, but usually less, hairy. Flowers in short axillary clusters, often borne on the spines, appearing before the leaves, wine red. Fruit subglobose, c. 1·2 cm in diameter; pseudaril apparently absent or occasionally irregularly lobulate and covering about 3/4 of the endocarp.
Notes: Only this variety is known to occur in Caprivi.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Mostly in drier types of woodland and bush.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia and Mpumalanga South Africa.
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 367. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 264 - 265. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 77.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 41.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 62.

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Commiphora africana var. africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora africana var. africana
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora africana var. africana
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora africana var. africana
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora africana var. africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commiphora africana var. africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commiphora africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commiphora africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commiphora africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commiphora africana
iNaturalist: Commiphora africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commiphora africana
Plants of the World Online: Commiphora africana
Tropicos: Commiphora africana
Wikipedia: Commiphora africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Caprivi: Species information: Commiphora africana var. africana., retrieved 29 October 2020

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