459.000 Cyperus L.



Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Caprivi: 21 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

articulatus L.Description, Image
breviradius sensu Vorster ms.
chersinus (N.E.Br.) Kük.
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeDescription, Image
difformis L.Description, Image
distans L.f.Description, Image
dubius Rottb.Description, Image
esculentus L.Description, Image
fulgens sensu Vorster ms.
hamulosus M. Bieb.
haspan L.
longus L. var. tenuiflorus (Rottb.) Kük.Description, Image
longus L. var. longus
margaritaceus VahlImage
marlothii Boeckeler
papyrus L.Description, Image
pectinatus VahlDescription, Image
sphaerospermus Schrad.
turrillii Kük.Description, Image
usitatus Burch. subsp. palmatus Lye
vestitus Hochst. ex C. Krauss

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cyperus
Wikipedia: Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Caprivi: Genus page: Cyperus.
https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 9 December 2022

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