Eriosema cordatum E. Mey.

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Eriosema cordatum

Photo: Sune Holt
God's Window, Mpumalanga, South Africa

Eriosema cordatum

Photo: Sune Holt
God's Window, Mpumalanga, South Africa

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Common names:
Description: Prostrate, ascending or rarely erect perennial herb, with densely hairy stems up to c. 50 cm long, growing from a woody rootstock. Leaves 1–3-foliolate, the lower ones often mostly 1-foliolate but sometimes all 3-foliolate; leaflets 4–13 cm long, terminal one elliptic to round ovate or lanceolate, the laterals more obliquely oblong-elliptic, rounded to more or less distinctly cordate at the base, sparsely hairy above, more densely so beneath, sometimes discolorous; petiole mostly up to 7 mm long, rarely longer; rhachis 1–2.3 mm long; stipules lanceolate, up to 23 mm long, densely hairy. Inflorescences mostly 2–5.5 cm long; peduncle 3–20 cm long, hairy as on stems; pedicels 1 mm long. Flowers deflexed; calyx pilose, tube 3.5–5 mm long, lobes triangular to triangular-lanceolate, 3-7.5 mm long. Corolla yellow and brown or red with tip of the keel very densely gland-dotted. Pods oblong-elliptic, c. 1.7 cm long, turning blackish.
Derivation of specific name: cordatum: cordate or heart-shaped, referring to the base of the leaflets.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
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Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Page 222.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Other sources of information about Eriosema cordatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eriosema cordatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriosema cordatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema cordatum
African Plant Database: Eriosema cordatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema cordatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema cordatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema cordatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema cordatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema cordatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema cordatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema cordatum
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema cordatum
Tropicos: Eriosema cordatum
Wikipedia: Eriosema cordatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Eriosema cordatum., retrieved 21 April 2024

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