Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A. Rich.) Munro

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Oxytenanthera abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Oxytenanthera abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Oxytenanthera abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Bambusa abyssinica A. Rich.
Houzeaubambus borzii (Mattei) Mattei
Oxytenanthera borzii Mattei
Oxytenanthera braunii Pilg.
Oxytenanthera macrothyrsus K. Schum.
Common names: Bindura bamboo (English)
Description: Woody perennial, growing in dense clumps. Culms 3–10 m × 5–10 cm, erect. Leaves: lamina 5–25 × 1–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, ± glaucous with a fine pungent tip. Spikelet clusters 4–8 cm in diameter,spherical, ± confluent, spiny; bracts to 4 mm, ovate. Spikelets 15–40 mm, very narrowly lanceolate; 1(–2) upper florets bisexual, the rest reduced to lemmas; glumes ovate to oblong, lower 5–8 mm; lemmas narrowly lanceolate, the lowest 12–20 mm, ± hispid on the back, tipped with a rigid spine to 7 mm.
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Senegal to Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Insects associated with this species: Aphysoneura pigmentaria vumba (Food plant)
Melanitis libya (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 42. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Fanshawe, D.B. (1972). The Bamboo, Oxytenanthera abyssinica - Its Ecology, Silviculture and Utilization Kirkia 8(2) Pages 157 - 166. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 17 - 19. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Other sources of information about Oxytenanthera abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora of Zambia: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oxytenanthera abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
African Plant Database: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Tropicos: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Wikipedia: Oxytenanthera abyssinica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Oxytenanthera abyssinica.
https://www.capriviflora.com/cult/species.php?species_id=103400, retrieved 25 June 2024

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