Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Diniz, M.A. (1988) Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3)

Description of the family

Climbers, trees or shrubs. Stipules absent, but pseudostipules sometimes present. Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), usually compound, namely 2-3-pinnate, imparipinnately 1-pinnate or 3-foliolate with the terminal leaflet sometimes a tendril or rarely simple. Inflorescences of terminal or axillary panicles or racemes, sometimes reduced to a fascicle or a solitary flower. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual, often showy. Calyx gamosepalous, usually with 5 teeth or lobes, sometimes spathaceous. Corolla gamopetalous, 2-lipped or not, with a conspicuous tube and 5 lobes. Stamens usually 4, didynamous, with 1 staminode. Disk hypogynous, nectariferous. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, less often 1-locular. Style 1, terminal. Fruit usually a dehiscent, often elongated, capsule, rarely fleshy and indehiscent (Kigelia). Seeds numerous, winged in species with capsules, without wings in those with indehiscent fruits.

Worldwide: 109 genera and 750 species, mainly tropical, especially South America.

Caprivi: 7 cultivated genera and 12 cultivated taxa.

Markhamia obtusifolia

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Jacaranda Juss.Description, Image
Kigelia DC.Description, Image
Markhamia Seem. ex Baill.Description, Image
Pyrostegia C.Presl
Spathodea P. Beauv.Description, Image
Stereospermum Cham.Description, Image
Tecoma Juss.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Bignoniaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Bignoniaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bignoniaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bignoniaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bignoniaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bignoniaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bignoniaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bignoniaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Bignoniaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bignoniaceae
Wikipedia: Bignoniaceae
Plants of the World Online: Bignoniaceae
Tropicos: Bignoniaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Cultivated plants: Family page: Bignoniaceae.
https://www.capriviflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=33, retrieved 25 July 2024

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