Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Poales

Typhaceae - Bulrush family

Anderson, J.G. (1966) Typhaceae Flora of Southern Africa 1

Description of the family

Stout, monoecious, rhizomatous perennial herbs rooted in mud. Stems erect, simple, without nodes, terminated by dense cylindric flower spikes. Leaves distichous, simple, linear, ± glaucous, entire, ± all basal, with long, open, but tightly clasping sheathing bases; the free part of the leaves usually twisted. Flowers unisexual, very numerous, densely crowded in a terminal spike, the male flowers in the upper part, the female flowers below. Male flowers subtended by scales or bracteoles; perianth 0 or of 3-6 small scales. Female flowers with or without bracteoles; perianth of slender hairs; abortive female flowers often present. Ovary superior, 1-locular with a solitary ovule. Fruit ellipsoid or subcylindric.

Worldwide: 1 genus and c.10-12 species, cosmopolitan.

Caprivi: 1 cultivated genus and 3 cultivated taxa.

Typha capensis

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Typha L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Typhaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Typhaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Typhaceae
Flora of Malawi: Typhaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Typhaceae
Flora of Zambia: Typhaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Typhaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Typhaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Typhaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Typhaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Typhaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Typhaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Typhaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Typhaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Typhaceae
Wikipedia: Typhaceae
Plants of the World Online: Typhaceae
Tropicos: Typhaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Caprivi: Cultivated plants: Family page: Typhaceae.
https://www.capriviflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=225, retrieved 18 July 2024

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